Undercover Policing in the US, Germany, Italy, and France
Undercover policing provides unique access to the inner workings of criminal organizations, and tips off law enforcement about planned crimes. But undercover policing, some tactics of which have raised legal questions, also poses special risks. Based on interviews with police, prosecutors, and judges, Jacqueline Ross compares how the United States, France, Germany, and Italy differ in addressing these challenges. Why, for example, does the United States resort to undercover policing far more readily than Europe, where court systems grudgingly tolerate its existence while fretting about its legality? And how does the process of regularizing covert practices and opening them to scrutiny transform them?